Before 1982, when the Shared Parental Responsibility Act became law, Florida courts in a divorce (or dissolution of marriage) case, usually awarded custody of the minor children of the marriage to one parent. “Custody” has been defined as the care and keeping of anything, including a person.
In the past, the effect of a custody award was to give the custodial parent physical possession of the child, and the right to make all decisions concerning the child, including medical care, education, religious training, and all other aspects of the child’s life.
Under the present statutory law, parents are to have shared parental responsibility (sometimes called legal custody) for the care, custody, and control of their children unless the court determines that shared parental responsibility would be detrimental to the children.
In 2008, the Florida legislature enacted amendments under which the terms “custody” and “visitation” are eliminated and replaced with the term “timesharing.” Also, written “parenting plans” must be established in cases involving minor children.
The issue of “custody” can also be adjudicated by the court in other cases besides divorce, including paternity cases.